24 Credits: Taxes
While the nuclear family remains the center point of society, today it is under tremendous economic and social pressure. This course is designed to cover “hot” family tax planning topics having a direct impact on the practitioner who represents any client with family issues. The emphasis is on using tax solutions to ease family economic concerns permitting the practitioner to be a real tax hero.
Upon successful completion of this course, participants will be able to:
- Determine how filing status affects taxpayers’ filing requirements, standard deductions, and correct tax.
- Select the number of pre-2018 exemptions a client could have and state the impact said exemptions had.
- Determine deductible and nondeductible divorce expenditures, identify which spouse is subject to tax imposed upon withheld wages, and specify the effects of making separate estimated tax payments or joint declarations of estimated tax.
- Recognize the special rules that apply to community property states and identify whether clients are affected by these rules.
- Determine the effect of living together on filing statuses and dependency citing differences between the married tax rate and other tax rates, identify the tax consequences of having a living together contract listing tax traps, and specify the results of Marvin v. Marvin.
- Identify the child tax credit listing the requirements for qualifying child and determine the tax treatment of earned and unearned income for children.
- Recognize the elements of the adoption tax credit stating qualifying costs and fees, specify the tests for the §21 dependent care credit and identify qualifications for §129 dependent care assistance.
- Determine the differences between qualifying §162 deductible and nonqualifying education and specify education expense credits under §25A listing covered costs and fees.
- Identify the benefits and requirements of §530 education savings accounts, specify the deductible portion of student loan interest payments and determine the §108 exclusion for the forgiveness of certain student loans.
- Recognize the mechanics and requirements of available educational benefits by:
- Identifying the benefits of prepaying or contributing to a student’s education stating how taxpayers may deduct higher education expenses;
- Specifying the tax consequence of withdrawing amounts from an IRA for education expenses under §72(t) and the employee advantages §127 employer-provided educational assistance; and
- Determining the differences between §117 tax-free scholarship payments and those that are taxable and identifying which education savings bonds qualify for the §135 exclusion of interest from gross income.
- Identify educational incentives and financial aid available to students and parents.
- Identify deductible §213 medical care expenses for federal tax purposes by:
- Recognizing deductible medical costs paid for spouses and dependents listing dependency requirements;
- Determining the deductibility of specific medical care expenses including medical insurance premiums, costs for meals and lodging, transportation expenses, costs for cosmetic surgery, expenditures for making permanent improvements to a home, and lifetime care advance payments;
- Specifying the benefits of medical savings accounts showing differences such accounts have with health savings accounts, recognizing the benefits and qualifications of HSAs, and determining high deductible health plans stating how they relate to HSAs;
- Recognizing the mechanics of prescription drug plans and specifying what constitutes accelerated death benefits; and
- Determining the deductibility of health insurance by self-employed taxpayers.
- Specify variables that impact the deductibility of §170 charitable contributions identifying qualified organizations and limitations for these purposes naming the types of contributions that can be made, their tax treatment, and substantiation requirements.
- Determine what constitutes casualty and theft, and specify the rules for taking a deduction for all or part of each loss under §165.
- Recognize the relationship between home sales and the capital gains rates, and specify the rate “baskets” created by the capital gain provisions stating how to treat capital assets in each category.
- Determine the key elements of the §121 home sale exclusion and its application, and specify the safe harbor proration provisions associated with the home sale exclusion.
- Identify whether a taxpayer meets the former distance and time tests for deductible pre-2018 moving expenses under §217.
- Identify categories of mortgages and characteristics of secured debt that influence the deductibility of interest, determine what constitutes a “qualified home,” and specify special situations that affect qualified home mortgage interest.
- Recognize the general rule for the tax treatment of points specifying exceptions and, identify when a taxpayer will receive a Mortgage Interest Statement – Form 1098 and which information is included on this statement to figure interest deductions.
- Determine when a stock in a cooperative housing corporation owned by a tenant-stockholder is a qualified home and, identify the limits on the home mortgage deduction.
- Identify forms of marital property stating their likely division in marital property settlements and specify the legal principles used in dividing assets and providing support on divorce or separation.
- Recognize the benefits of premarital agreements in avoiding potential divorce problems, determine elements of the Uniform Premarital Act, and list the provisions that are allowed in such agreements.
- Determine the tax consequences of various property settlements by:
- Identifying the requirements of §1041 stating how it changed the result of S. v. Davis and their application to common interspousal transfers;
- Specifying factors that influence whether a property transfer is “incident to divorce” identifying how to meet these factors or avoid §1041 altogether;
- Recognizing the treatment of transfers in trust under §1041(e), and specifying the tax treatment of third party transfers on behalf of a spouse or former spouse;
- Determining property basis as a result of §1041 transfers applying §1041 where the transferee assumes liabilities encumbering the property; and
- Identifying the holding period for assets transferred between spouses incident to divorce.
- Specify the dangers of interspousal purchases including deferred tax liability, determine three effects of purchasing an interest in tangible personal property or real property used in a trade or business or held for investment, and identify potential depreciation recapture.
- Determine the tax consequences of selected asset divisions incident to divorce and those that follow bankruptcy.
- Determine what constitutes “alimony” and “separate maintenance payments” under §71 and their deduction or income treatment under §215 before and after 2019, specify types of §71 “divorce or separation instruments” and identify how having an invalid decree, an amended instrument, or a premarital agreement impacts such an instrument.
- Define alimony for instruments executed after 1984 based on the seven alimony requirements by:
- Determining whether a cash payment is deemed made to or on behalf of a former spouse in order to characterize it as alimony or otherwise;
- Specifying when spouses are members of different households and the alimony pitfall of being required to make payments after a former spouse’s death;
- Determining what constitutes child support and alimony citing their different tax treatment particularly of payments made by a spouse who files a joint return with the recipient spouse; and
- Selecting which payments are subject to the provision establishing a minimum term for alimony.
- Identify the alimony and child support provisions that currently apply with those that applied to instruments executed prior to 1985 by:
- Specifying pre-1985 alimony requirements, and determining periodic payments stating whether certain payments would have qualified under these rules; and
- Determining a marital or familial relationship specifying the similarities and differences in the treatment of child support under current law and previous law.
- Recognize the pre-2019 deduction of alimony paid and reporting of alimony received, recognize the use of alimony trusts to realize tax advantage and security, determine alimony recapture, and identify the use of annuity contracts and the tax treatment of alimony paid by an estate.
- Specify the tax treatment of child support recognizing events that determine whether a contingency is clearly child-related recalling how to rebut this presumption of child support and identify COBRA rules and qualified medical child support orders to make the most of health care coverage plans.
- Identify short-term financial goals and investment purposes, recognize the importance of defining realistic goals and how investing allocation changes with age.
- Determine the tax consequences of title holding methods by:
- Specifying ways to hold title to assets starting with the simplest and most direct way to hold property;
- Cite the tax benefits and drawbacks of co-tenancies, corporations (both C & S), partnerships, qualified retirement plans, and trusts particularly as they relate to a client’s after-tax investment return; and
- Identifying custodianship under the uniform acts and determining how an estate can be tax beneficial to taxpayers.
- Recognize the impact of retirement planning postponement recognizing the importance of early planning using the author’s suggested step process, specify a balance sheet method to plan retirement, determine how to diversify portfolios by balancing liquid and nonliquid assets, and identify the purpose of savings listing strategies to save.
- Identify the goals of money management listing types of income in order to preserve cash more effectively.
- Determine how to budget income into cash by containing expenditures and developing discretionary income and control cash, specify how to convert income into assets by purchasing investments, and identify asset acquisition rules.
- Recognize tax-advantage investments stating management rules, and determine the economic impact of accelerating deductions, postponing tax liability, and leveraging.
- Determine how splitting income among a family group minimizes overall taxes using major income splitting formats, and recognize the use of an unincorporated business to obtain deductible business expense and the home-office deduction.
- Identify the benefits and requirements of using a C or an S corporation specifying the taxation of these entities including their ability to split income, and determine family members in a §704(e) family partnership.
- Recognize a custodianship’s ability to split income and contain the “kiddie tax,” identify the use of gifts to reduce death taxes and split income, and specify how to prevent the recharacterization of a loan under §7872.
- Determine what constitutes nonqualified and qualified deferred compensation plans identifying their benefits and contribution limits and specify the current and deferred advantages and disadvantages of corporate plans listing fiduciary responsibilities and prohibited transactions.
- Identify the requirements of basic forms of qualified pension plans enabling clients to compare and contrast such plans.
- Determine the requirements of defined contribution and defined benefit retirement plans and specify the types of defined contribution plans recognizing their impact on retirement benefits.
- Identify the differences between self-employed plans and qualified plans from other business types and owners citing key choice of entity factors.
- Specify the requirements of IRAs, SEPs, and SIMPLEs, and recognize tax-free Roth IRA distributions listing strategies to maximize plan benefits.
- Identify popular ways to receive distributions from a retirement plan or an IRA, specify types of annuities and their effect on how and when participants receive payments, determine the tax on annuity payments using either the general rule or the simplified general rule and recognize lump-sum distributions and their special tax treatment.
- Cite the key components of rollovers that can be used to reinvest cash or other assets without including the amount in income.
- Specify the tax consequences of taking premature distributions assisting clients in avoiding the 10% penalty, and recognize the minimum distribution rules stating how to avoid the 50% penalty associated with taking either smaller distributions than required or distributions after the required beginning date for minimum distributions.
- Identify ways to manage an incompetent person’s estate specifying their uses and benefits.
- Recognize the basic eldercare benefits of Medicare and Medicaid, specify what constitutes income and the three separate asset groups for Medicaid, determine differences and requirements for Supplemental Security Income and Social Security disability benefits, and identify common health care decisions such as having a living will.
- Specify types of wills citing functions a will can perform, identify types of bequests, determine the duties of executors and guardians, and recall ways to hold title and their tax ramifications.
- Identify advantages of a properly drafted will, determine the distribution flow of simple wills, and specify the pros and cons of probate proceedings.
- Recognize the unlimited marital deduction and its effect on the gross estate of the value of property, determine the applicable exclusion amounts for various years of death, and specify what constitutes “stepped-up basis” and the repealed “modified carryover basis” for estate tax purposes.
- Identify estate planning goals, recognize the benefits and drawbacks of the primary dispositive plans, specify the various types of estate trusts and family estate documents, and recall the former advantages and disadvantages of the private annuity.
June 15, 2023
General understanding of federal income taxation.
IRS Provider Number: 0MYXB
IRS Course Number: 0MYXB-T-02198-22-S
IRS Federal Tax Law Credits: 24
CTEC Course Number: 2071-CE-1624
CTEC Federal Tax Law Credits: 24
CFP Notice: Not all courses that qualify for CFP® credit are registered by Western CPE. If a course does not have a CFP registration number in the compliance section, the continuing education will need to be individually reported with the CFP Board. For more information on the reporting process, required documentation, processing fee, etc., contact the CFP Board. CFP Professionals must take each course in it’s entirety, the CFP Board DOES NOT accept partial credits for courses.
CTEC Notice: California Tax Education Council DOES NOT allow partial credit, course must be taken in entirety. Western CPE has been approved by the California Tax Education Council to offer continuing education courses that count as credit towards the annual “continuing education” requirement imposed by the State of California for CTEC Registered Tax Preparers. A listing of additional requirements to register as a tax preparer may be obtained by contacting CTEC at P.O. Box 2890, Sacramento, CA, 95812-2890, by phone toll-free at (877) 850-2832, or on the Internet at www.ctec.org.
Meet The Experts
Danny Santucci, BA, JD, is a prolific author of tax and financial books and articles. His legal career started with the business and litigation firm of Edwards, Edwards, and Ashton. Later he joined the Century City entertainment firm of Bushkin, Gaims, Gaines, and Jonas working for many well-known celebrities. In 1980, Danny established the law firm of Santucci, Potter, and Leanders in Irvine, California. With increasing lecture and writing commitments, Danny went into sole practice in 1995. His practice emphasizes business taxation, real estate law, and estate planning. Speaking to more than 100 groups nationally each year, he is known …